Results from the 2015-2016 Yellow U23 SMART Approach flight path trial
Auckland Airport, Airways New Zealand and the Board of Airline Representatives New Zealand (BARNZ) completed the 12-month trial of the Yellow U23 SMART Approach flight path to Auckland Airport from the north on 31 August 2016. A draft report on the trial is being prepared and the trial’s results will be available here once the draft report has been published for public consultation.
Results from the 2012-2013 SMART Approaches flight path trial
The initial trial in 2012 and 2013 found that SMART Approaches reduced flight times and led to a significant reduction in fuel burn and carbon emissions.
During the course of this initial trial, an average of 20 flights per day used the SMART Approaches and flew 151,185 fewer nautical miles, resulting in a 3.357 million kilogramme reduction in carbon dioxide emissions and a 1.064 million kilogramme reduction in fuel use. Additioonal results are in the table below.
Independent acoustics consultants also measured the impact of SMART Approaches on noise levels over residential areas. They determined that while individual SMART flights had marginally higher noise levels (approximately three decibels higher on average), the difference was not regarded as significant and would be expected to be only just perceptible to the human ear. The one exception to this was at Reinheimer Place in Flat Bush, where the difference was a perceptible seven decibels.
From September 2015 all jets flying conventional flight paths from the north will no longer be able to make visual approaches to Auckland Airport. Visual approaches are considered to create more noise than instrument-based approaches. Visual approaches to the airport from the north by wide-body jets, such as the B777, were stopped in September 2014.
However, this will not eliminate all lower than normal over flight. On occasion, Airways New Zealand may instruct pilots to fly a lower than normal approach for the purposes of safety or the sequencing of aircraft on final approach when the airspace is congested. The industry will continue to collaborate to minimise the need for lower than usual overflight on approach to the runway.
Implementation of two SMART Approaches from the North from 28 May 2015
Auckland Airport, the Board of Airline Representatives New Zealand (BARNZ) and Airways New Zealand announced in April 2015 that two new SMART satellite-guided flight paths to Auckland Airport from the North would come into permanent operation from 28 May 2015.
The decision to implement the two satellite-guided flight paths was publicly announced in December 2014, following a trial and public consultation process. The new flight paths which have been implemented were modified as a result of feedback from the trial and public consultation to reduce aircraft noise, use even less fuel and deliver benefits for the environment. Each of these flight paths can be used between 7am and 10pm by up to 10 aircraft per day.
Satellite guidance enables aircraft to fly an improved flight path and these two new flight paths are higher in places, and their approach curves wider, than the paths used in the trial. This means that aircraft can reduce the use of thrust and speed brakes, making them quieter and allowing the aircraft to save fuel, cut carbon emissions and land more efficiently.
The new paths contribute to the modernisation of airspace and air navigation in New Zealand, by improving the efficiency of air traffic movements. The benefits for New Zealand include a commitment to the continued improvement of aviation safety, lower aircraft operating costs through fuel savings and lower carbon emissions.
With more than 420 flights every day, Auckland Airport connects Auckland to the rest of New Zealand and the world. These new satellite-guided flight paths will help grow travel, trade and tourism in an environmentally friendly and socially responsible manner.